Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland providing for the Reciprocal Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters

  Australian Treaty Series 1994 No 27 DEPARTMENT OF FOREIGN AFFAIRS AND TRADE CANBERRA   Agreement between the Government of Australia and the Government of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland providing for the Reciprocal Recognition and Enforcement of Judgments in Civil and Commercial Matters   (Canberra, 23 August 1990)   Entry into force: Read More …

An Overview of Enforcing Foreign Judgments in Australia

Foreign judgments may be enforced in Australia under the Foreign Judgments Act 1991 or, if that Act does not apply, pursuant to common law principles. Registration and enforcement pursuant to the Foreign Judgments Act 1991 The Foreign Judgments Act 1991 provides a regime for the registration and enforcement of judgments obtained in a superior court Read More …

STATEMENT OF MINISTERIAL STANDARDS

The Australian people deserve a Government that will act with integrity and in the best interests of the people they serve. Serving the Australian people as Ministers and Assistant Ministers is an honour and comes with expectations to act at all times to the highest possible standards of probity. All Ministers and Assistant Ministers are Read More …

SHANNON -v- PERMANENT CUSTODIANS LIMITED [2020] WASCA 198

Appeal – Loan agreement and mortgage – Whether the loan agreement and mortgage were unjust under s 76 of the National Credit Code – Securitisation program where third party correspondent assess creditworthiness of borrowers – Third party correspondent fabricated financial details in the loan application – Lender has constructive knowledge of fraud – Lender failed Read More …

FOI.2021.008 Financial Statement of the Aboriginals Benefit Account.

An enquiry was pursued with the Agency for National Indigenous Australians seeking the most recent financial statement of the Aboriginals Benefit Account established under the Australian Land Rights Act 1976 for the benefit of the Aboriginal people. Below is the response and supplied information. The Larrakia people thank the Agency for their co-operation in supplying Read More …

Forced COVID vaccinations violate UNESCO Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights

In contrast to the current push in countries across the globe to make a coronavirus vaccine mandatory, the 2005 UNESCO Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights declares that “medical intervention” requires the “free and informed consent of the person concerned.” The UNESCO declaration states in Article 6, “Any preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic medical intervention is Read More …

INTRODUCTION TO STATUTORY INTERPRETATION

Legislation is the predominant source of law applied by judges in the common law world today. This is because, even though the doctrine of precedent allows for the development of law by judges through cases, most areas of law are now set down in statutes, and cases primarily concerning their interpretation. Accordingly, advanced skills in Read More …

Have You Taken your Oath of Allegiance to the Correct Monarch ~ Your Honour~???

    Oaths are integral to the effective administration of justice in New South Wales. Any improper or dishonest conduct relating to oaths is therefore treated very seriously by the criminal justice system. The Oaths Act 1900 (NSW) prescribes a range of criminal offences for improperly making and administering oaths, affirmations, declarations and affidavits. Those Read More …

Resolution of disputes with financial service providers within the justice system

“The code does not require credit providers to make inquiries beyond those ordinarily made by prudent lenders. Nor is it intended to place obstacles in the way of those lenders. It is intended to deal with credit providers who lend without making proper inquiries into the debtor’s ability to pay”. “For consumers, its essential features Read More …

BRITISH MEDICAL JOURNAL No 7070 Volume 313: Page 1448, 7 December 1996.

The voluntary consent of the human subject is absolutely essential. This means that the person involved should have legal capacity to give consent; should be so situated as to be able to exercise free power of choice, without the intervention of any element of force, fraud, deceit, duress, overreaching, or other ulterior form of constraint Read More …

Does an Instrument exist giving license to create the Queen & Crown of Australia?

If an enumerated power fails to exists within the Commonwealth Constitution to create a pretend adopted title of Queen in conflict with the entrenched requirement found within the  covering clauses, how can a valid claim to this fact be without merit unless it is to decieve an unsuspecting public based on a general acceptance beyond Read More …

Inquiry into Electronic Voting.

Electronic voting has been trialled or implemented in six of Australia’s nine electoral jurisdictions, with each jurisdiction adopting different practices and systems. However, as noted by Taylor in his review of Australia’s electronic voting systems, electronic voting “has mostly been used for those with [disabilities and a restricted franchise], and has not until recently been Read More …

WARRANTS AND PATENTS.

By Warrant under The Queen’s Sign Manual these are submitted to I he Queen by a Secretary of State (usually the Home Secretary). These Warrants are prepared by the Crown Office on receipt of instructions from the originating 1)epartment known as a “giving effects letter”. .\lIer Ihe Queen has signed the Warrant. the submitting Minister Read More …

The Politics of Inclusion: The Right of Self-Determination, Statutory Bills of Rights and Indigenous Peoples

Two relatively recent and overlapping developments potentially offer a new direction for the Indigenous self-determination project, which has been marginalised by Australian governments in recent years: first, the trend towards the domestic protection of international human rights through statutory bills of rights in Australian jurisdictions; and second, the burgeoning recognition of the right of self-determination Read More …

The AUSTRALIAN CAPITAL TERRITORY ~ Freedom of Information Ordinance, No. 46 of 1989

This Australian Capital Territory Ordinance was the pre-runner to the Freedom of Information Act of the Commonwealth and each of the States, this was a blue print of the Acts enacted in 1982 and beyond. This not only applied to the people of the Territory but also extended the people of the Australian community as Read More …

The Right to Self-Determination in International Law — A MATTER OF FORM RATHER THAN CONTENT

Philip Alston is the Chairman of the United Nations Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and Director of the Centre for International and Public Law, Australian National University. He was addressing a seminar on the Right to Self-Determination organised by the Human Rights Council of Australia, in Canberra, on 1 September 1992. 3 pages. Read More …

The Right to Self-Determination and International Law

The concept of self-determination is virtually as old as the concept of statehood itself. Since its inception self-determination has undergone dramatic alterations inmany aspects, from a concept initially conservatively applied to issues such as decolonisation, to a justification for the break-up of multi-ethnic states. The concept may now extend towards indicating a right of self-determination Read More …

CHILDREN AND CHILDREN’S RIGHTS IN THE CONTEXT OF FAMILY LAW

Research carried out in Australia and elsewhere over the past two decades has constantly shown the psychological benefits to children in maintaining the links with both parents, regardless of the fact that the adult relationship has broken down. However, where parents are abusive, dysfunctional or unwilling to maintain contact, the research shows that the consequences Read More …

Gladstone Ports Corporation Limited-v-Murphy Operator Pty-Ltd Ors 2020 QCA 250

Where the appellant dredged waterways, excavated soil, and placed the materials dredged or excavated into various other places around the port of Gladstone – where the first, second and third respondents are plaintiffs in a class action brought pursuant to Part 13A of the Civil Proceedings Act 2011 (Qld) – where the respondents allege that, Read More …

High Court of Australia Public Lecture 2017 By Edwin Cameron*

An interesting lecture and can be taken to be alike to the Australian scheme currently in play.   After 350 years of racial subordination and exclusion, South Africa became a democracy in 1994, under what was praised as the world’s “most progressive” Constitution. Twenty three years later, inequality and dispossession persist, crime and corruption are high, Read More …

LAW OF BELLIGERENT OCCUPATION

The law of belligerent occupation (which from now on we will refer to simply as the law of occupation) governs the relationship between the occupying power, on the one hand, and the wholly or partially occupied State and its inhabitants, including refugees and stateless persons, on the other. It is applicable only in international armed Read More …

“Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom Erecting and Establishing the Province of South Australia

Privy Council (United Kingdom) — “Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom Erecting and Establishing the Province of South Australia and Fixing the Boundaries thereof, 19 February 1836” [1836] IndigLRes 1 Letters Patent under the Great Seal of the United Kingdom erecting and establishing the Province of South Australia and fixing the Read More …

“Secret Instructions for Lieutenant James Cook Appointed to Command His Majesty’s Bark the Endeavour, 30 July 1768”

Commissioners for Executing the Office of Lord High Admiral of Great Britain — “Secret Instructions for Lieutenant James Cook Appointed to Command His Majesty’s Bark the Endeavour, 30 July 1768” [Lieutenant Cook’s Instructions] [1768] IndigLRes 1   Secret Instructions for Lieutenant James Cook, Appointed to Command His Majesty’s Bark the Endeavour 30 July 1768 (UK) Read More …

Australian Law Journal ~ FOI ~ Australian Parliament v Parliament of the Commonwealth.

The Australian Law Journal provides evidence of an Australian Parliament acting outside of the Commonwealth Constitution due to a dislike of what Section 1 provides for and hereinafter  prescribes ~ A Commonwealth Parliament and not an Australian Parliament as invoked by the “New” Australian Parliament through the doctrine of General acceptance. COMMONWEALTH OF AUSTRALIA CONSTITUTION Read More …

The art of the “Word Game” ~ “General Acceptance” ~ bought to you by the Australian Parliament.

Is one compelled to observe the written law, and obey the written law? Or can one operate in a belief under a “General Acceptance?”  The Australian Government believes we no longer observe or obey the written law but alternatively operate under the term of “General Acceptance” such as we now owe an allegiance to an Read More …

Are Local Government solely the responsibility of the State Government?

The author wrote to the Attorney generals Department to establish the legality of Local Government entities in Australia and if Local Government is the Crown. The Attorney Generals Office replied by stating Local Government is an area of State Responsibility, as a result of this response Constitution Watch now asks the Attorney General if this Read More …

The Victorian Constitution 1975 ~ Is it Legal? ~ An alternative View.

They claim to have overwhelming evidence that Victoria has been in a “constitutional void” and that the current Victorian Parliament is “unlawful” and “unconstitutional” as one member, states the Victorian Parliament enacted a Constitution in 1975 which was unlawfully enacted. The provision claimed to allow for the enactment of the Victorian Constitution Act l975 to Read More …

Law of Evidence.

“ The rules of Evidence,” says Mr. Wills, “are the practical maxims of legal and philosophic sagacity and experience, matured and methodized by a succession of wise men, as the best means of discriminating truth from error, and of con­ tracting as far as possible the dangerous power of judicial discretion.” “ Such rules,”  “ Read More …

Northern Land Council v Quall ~ HCA 33 ~2020.

Native title representative bodies, governments around the country, and countless participants in the resources, can all breathe a sigh of relief after the High Court unanimously decided that a representative body’s function of certifying applications for the registration of Indigenous land use agreements (ILUAs) can be carried out by the body’s Chief Executive Officer (CEO). Read More …

CODE OF CONDUCT ~ Western Australia Police.

Police members must adhere to all policy, protocols and procedures including those contained in the Police Act 1892, Police Force Regulations 1979, the Police Manual and any other lawful directive. Criminal action, corruption, unlawful conduct, dishonest and unethical conduct, breaches of discipline and conflicts of interest, and failure to report the same, relating to Police, Read More …

Internal Northern Land Council investigation probes conflict allegations, millions in grants and loans

By Jane Bardon The investigation looked into alleged conflicts of interest in the rental arrangements for the council’s Darwin office.(Cathy Harper) An investigation into governance allegations about the Northern Land Council (NLC) has probed the distribution of millions of dollars of grants and loans to entities that were majority owned by, or closely associated with, Read More …

Common Law Origins.

Australia and Britain have remarkably few constitutional guarantees of fundamental rights. This is not to say, of course, that the two countries are without any such protections. The Magna Carta of 1215 (“that great confirmatory instrument … which is the ground work of all our Constitutions”10) and the Bill of Rights of 1689 (“the product Read More …

Harrison Research Report on Covid19

The Australian government has not provided evidence to show that societal lockdown is proportionate to the risks of society continuing to function, with more nuanced management strategies. It has offered vague promises of ‘winning the battle” and implied threats of an apocalyptic public health meltdown if perpetual lockdown is not adhered to. This statements are Read More …

Australian Network of Lawyers who are concerned about how laws are improperly used against Australians

A group of concerned lawyers have put together the following information to challenge the Australian and State Governments narrative in respect of the Covid19 Pandemic from expert and other evidence that is publicly available in Australia and worldwide, there appears to be strong evidence that there can no longer be a reliance on the premise Read More …

The AUSTRALIAN CONSTITUTION as it is ACTUALLY WRITTEN

In 1901, Dr. John Quick and a barrister, Robert Garran, wrote their monumental volume, “The Annotated Constitution of the Commonwealth of Australia”. It took them a thousand and eight pages to try and explain the Constitution in relation to the culture and legal concepts of the nineteenth century thinking. That thinking automatically enshrined the Westminster Read More …

Is anyone in Australia exempt from the Treason Felony Act?

The author wrote to the Attorney General of Australia to establish if anything existed or was in place to exempt the courts, judges and people of every State and every part of the Commonwealth from the Treason and Felony Act in the practice of denying Her Majesty’s Rightful Title and to establish if anything existed Read More …

SENTENCING ACT ~ “Dismiss the Charge”

Below is a collection of provisions of each of the States and Territories Sentencing Acts to allow one to have a charge dismissed without recording a conviction.     Victoria SENTENCING ACT 1991 – SECT 76 Unconditional dismissal A court, on being satisfied that a person is guilty of an offence, may (without recording a Read More …

FOI ~ Does anything Exist in Victoria to allow Daniel Andrews to engage with Sovereign Nations outside of the Commonwealth of Australia.

The author wrote to the Victorian Department of Premier and Cabinet to establish is there was anything within the State of Victoria to allow Daniel Andrews the power to act with international personality to engage with Sovereign Nations outside of the Commonwealth of Australia.     If you can spare a few dollars for the Read More …

Queensland Constitution (Prior to reprints).

Queensland Constitution prior to Reprints including sub-section 14 under section 53 concerning sections requiring a referendum. Many thanks to Michelle Lynette of the family Schafer for providing the resource.       If you can spare a few dollars for the creators of this website to continue their research to bring you more great content, Read More …

Open Letter Concerning the Police Enforcement of ongoing COVID-19 restrictions

This document has been signed by 70 police officers concerned with a takeover within Australia who state ~ We are reaching out to all our fellow police officers across the country, to write a similar letter to their respective police commissioners, or sign our form at https://advocateme.wixsite.com/copsforcovidtruth to show your support for this stance, which Read More …

Private Capacity ~ Code of Conduct ~ N.T.

Are Police acting under their Code of Conduct?   NORTHERN TERRITORY OF AUSTRALIA POLICE ADMINISTRATION ACT 1978 14A General orders (1) The Commissioner may, from time to time, in writing, issue such general orders and instructions as are necessary : (a) to secure the good government and efficient working of the Police Force; (2) Without limiting subsection (1), general orders Read More …

Fairfield Infectious Diseases Hospital

Victoria in the 1860s was rife with disease.   Diphtheria, typhoid, small pox and scarlet fever were all killers.   The Victorian Colonial Government began to discuss the idea of creating a hospital to treat patients with infectious diseases. Two sites were considered, the Yarra Bend and further along Heidelberg Road.   The Yarra Bend site was the Read More …

THE FOI ACT 1982 AND THE FOI ACT 2000 (UK): ARE THERE LESSONS WE CAN LEARN FROM EACH OTHER?

It is almost a quarter of a century since the Commonwealth’s Freedom of Information Act 1982 was enacted. At about the same time, similar legislation was passed in New Zealand (the Official Information Act 1982) and in Canada (the Access to Information Act 1985). More than a decade earlier the US had passed its Freedom Read More …

75 years of support for the United Nations

International Policy Friday, 23 October 2020 Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet [Photo: The Australian Minister for External Affairs and Attorney-General, Dr HV Evatt, signs the Charter of the United Nations on behalf of Australia, watched by the Australian Deputy Prime Minister, Francis M Forde (right), San Francisco, 26 June 1945. – UN Photo/McLain] 24 Read More …

Victoria is Broken.

The hard evidence Victoria is broken, the evictions, the suicides, the burden on Victoria’s mental health infrastructure and the lunatics behind it.  Is there a pandemic really effecting Victoria or is this part of the global scheme being perpetuated upon the people of earth? In 1918 there was a pandemic that killed 50 million people, Read More …

Northern Land Council v Commissioner of Taxes [2001] NTSC 115 (21 December 2001)

    Northern Land Council v Commissioner of Taxes [2001] NTSC 115 PARTIES: TITLE OF COURT: JURISDICTION: FILE NO: DELIVERED: HEARING DATES: JUDGMENT OF: CATCHWORDS: REPRESENTATION: Counsel: Appellant: Respondent: Solicitors: Appellant: Respondent: Judgment category classification: Judgment ID Number: Number of pages: NORTHERN LAND COUNCIL v COMMISSIONER OF TAXES SUPREME COURT OF THE NORTHERN TERRITORY APPEAL Read More …

The Evolution of Bankruptcy and insolvency laws and the case of the deed of company arrangement

This article considers the process of historical development of the bankruptcy and insolvency laws in the United Kingdom, the United States and Australia. The central point is to demonstrate that the process has been one ofprogressive liberalisation of consequences accompanied either by increased regulation or new and innovate flexible techniques of creditor involvement. We conclude Read More …

If the Queens role in the Constitution is entrenched who is the Queen of Australia?

The Queen’s role in relation to Australia is entrenched in the Constitution. Section 1 states that the Commonwealth Parliament consists of a House of Representatives, a Senate and the Queen. Under section 2, the Queen is empowered to appoint the Governor-General as her representative in the Commonwealth. Under section 61 the ‘executive’ power of the Read More …

Invisible Contracts.

“…the Constitution does not apply here.” That statement shocks most people up a wall — but it is an accurate and correct statement. The Judge will never tell you why, though. Of all of the different Judges that I know who have blurted out that statement, none of the criminal defendants have ever pressed the Read More …

United Nations ~ Compulsory vaccination violates the right to informed consent

Compulsory vaccination violates the right to informed consent, one of the most fundamental ethics in medicine and a human right recognized under international law, including the United Nations International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights of 1966, the Universal Declaration on Bioethics and Human Rights of 2005, the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Read More …

Property Rights.

The common law has long regarded a person’s property rights as fundamental. William Blackstone said in 1773: ‘There is nothing which so generally strikes the imagination, and engages the affections of mankind, as the right of property’.1 In the national consultation on ‘Rights and Responsibilities’, conducted by the Australian Human Rights Commission (AHRC) in 2014, Read More …

Constitutional Law ~ Power of Governor to enact amendments to statutes without the necessity of reserving the same for Royal assent

Constitutional Law–Colonial Legislature-Power of Governor to enact amendments to statutes without the necessity of reserving the same for Royal assent–Competence of colonial legislature to eliminate Crown as part of Parliament-“The Australian Constitutions “Act, 1842”-“The Australian Constitutions Act, 1850, The “Colonial Laws Validity Act, 1865″ Repugnancy to Imperial Acts -Statute–Construction–Statute Law Revision–The Statute ” Law Revision Read More …

Estoppel…

This paper is a comprehensive analysis of the barring of suits by cestuis que trust against their trustees for breach of trust. The defence of acquiescence is examined, with a specific focus on its meaning and constituent elements, after an analysis of the recent decision of the High Court of Australia in Byrnes v Kendle. Read More …

Unnecessary Causation.

The causation question and the suggested answer At common law the question of causation is fundamental. But, as is often acknowledged, the basic question of causation is not a question of law: it is commonly described, in a misleading expression, as ‘causation in fact’. The true causal question is not actually one of fact. It Read More …

Identity Theft tool Kit.

What is identity theft? Identity theft is when someone takes and uses your personal information such as name, address, date of birth or mother’s maiden name to commit theft. With enough personal information, thieves can: Withdraw money from your bank accounts, including by internet and over the phone. open new bank accounts in your name Read More …

Independent Investigation of Complaints against the Police

Police are granted powers by the state and it is the state’s responsibility to ensure that these powers are not abused. Police must be fully accountable for their every action when interacting with citizens. Police who abuse the trust of Victorians must be held accountable. Existing accountability mechanisms in Victoria have consistently failed to maintain Read More …

Police accountability

  Discriminatory policing What’s the problem ? Young people are often stopped and charged by police because of their colour, race or because they are from a family who are known to police, rather than because of their behaviour or a reasonable suspicion held by the police officer. Racial profiling Victoria saw a landmark legal case Read More …

Fines debacle ‘probably affects every agency in Victoria’ including police and all local councils

Six Victorian councils have now agreed to pay back parking fines which were unlawfully issued, but there are suspicions there are many more yet to come forward. Glen Eira, Port Phillip and Stonnington councils have agreed to pay back thousands of parking fines, totalling almost $20 million, which were illegally reviewed by external contractors between Read More …

Can you afford $5 a Month?

Can you afford $5 a month to support the researchers here at Constitution Watch to bring you more great content on a daily Basis? For the cost of a cup of coffee a month you can help us concentrate on what we need to do, bring you the truth wth more exceptional content not found Read More …

Magistrates Court ~ Form 13 ~ Witness Summons & Production of Documents ~ Criminal Jurisdiction.

From the Constitution Watch Archives Vault, the extremely hard to find Form 13 witness summons and production of documents in criminal jurisdiction, this document has been deleted from the Magistrates Court Forms ~ Could it be possible this administrative court want to provide an uneven playing field for those seeking justice in Criminal Jurisdiction within Read More …

Police Powers NSW

The following information may help you to understand the powers and what rights and responsibilities you have in different situations. A police officer may use as much force as is necessary to arrest you. Unreasonable force is an assault. After arrest, a police officer may handcuff you if for example you attempt to escape or the Read More …

Office of Person

Under the rule of construction “expressio unius est exclusio alterius,” where a statute or Constitution enumerates the things on which it is to operate or forbids certain things, it is ordinarily to be construed as excluding from its operation all those not expressly mentioned. Generally words in a statute should be given their plain and Read More …

Person Definitions

 ‘Person’ Bible quotes; in alphabetical order. Acts 10:34 “Then Peter opened his mouth, and said, Of a trueth I perceiueth, God is no respecter of persons:” Deuteronomy 10:17 “For the LORD your God is God of gods, and Lord of lords, a great God, a mighty, and a terrible, which regardeth not persons, nor taketh Read More …

Defence Legislation Amendment (Enhancement of Defence Force Response to Emergencies) Bill 2020

A troubling Bill allowing foreign forces to enter Australia and hold zero liability for their actions.   Summary Amends the: Defence Act 1903 to: streamline the process for calling out members of the Australian Defence Force (ADF) Reserves, including for the purposes of responding to natural disasters or emergencies; and provide ADF members,other Defence personnel Read More …

THE MEANING OF CONSTITUTIONAL SUPREMACY

THE MEANING OF CONSTITUTIONAL SUPREMACY Under this doctrine, if a law or contract violates any norm of the Constitution, that law or contract, whether promulgated by the legislative or by the executive branch or entered into by private persons for private purposes, is null and void and without any force and effect. Thus, since the Read More …

Adelaide man gets off red-light camera fine because no-one tested cars going through it on red

By Eugene Boisvert The red-light camera was last tested on February 26 but not with cars going through a red light.(File: ABC News) Share An Adelaide man has had a red-light camera fine overturned because it was never tested while cars were going through the intersection on a red light. Key points: David Woolmer’s car Read More …

Has there been legal transfer of the Prerogative power of Assent to the Queen of Australia? FOI-15-094

The author attempted to establish if the powers of assent found in section 58 of the Commonwealth Constitution had been officially delegated from the Queen in the Sovereignty of the United Kingdom to an alternate non statutory corporation sole known as the Queen of Australia. The Attorney Generals Department failed to supply the transfer of Read More …

Criminal proceedings 101 ~ from beginning to end

1. Arrest​: ​Valid arrests must be based on ​probable cause.​ A reasonable belief that a certain set of facts which rises to the level of a threat to life or property are true. Must be based entered into the court record via sworn statement. ​(REMEMBER – no sworn statement of probable cause, even in a Read More …

A masked defence in Victoria?

If a Department provides incorrect information to members of the public in times of crisis how can one be made responsible for the mis-management of information issued by that Government? The below information release from the Department of Health and Human Services and Victorian State Government provides 10 ways to reduce the Corona Virus and Read More …

Criminal Code 1995 ~ Do you have a Political Right to Protest?

80.2A   Urging violence against groups Offences              (1)  A person (the first person ) commits an offence if:                       (a)  the first person intentionally urges another person, or a group, to use force or violence against a group (the targeted group ); and                      (b)  the first person does so intending that force or violence will occur; and                      Read More …

FOI ~ Can Victorian Premier ~ ‘Daniel Andrews’ ~ Do business with Sovereign Nations ~ Specifically China?

  Explanatory Memorandum: The author wrote to the department of Foreign Affairs on August 8th 2020 to confirm if Daniel Andrews has the ability to do deals with China, specifically the Belt & Road Initiative. The department of Foreign Affairs then transferred the request to the Attorney Generals Office for processing and this was acknowledged on Read More …