The Chief Justice said the words, "Civil Conscription"

could be properly applied to any compulsion of law

requiring that men should work in a specific way.

The words in section 51 of the Constitution

"so as not to impose any form of civil conscription"

were intended to prevent not only civil conscription in the form of

enrolment of masses of men for compulsory full time civilian service,

but also to prevent any form whatever of compulsion to render a particular civilian service to the community.