The world is watching Australia and its ongoing human rights abuses. In 2011 the United Nations introduced a new scheme called Universal Periodic Reviews (UPR). Every four years each of the 193 UN member countries undergoes a peer review and assessment of their human rights record. It is a rigorous process. The nation reviewed is invited to respond in detail, and a forum is held at the UN during which any other member may make criticisms and suggestions for improvement.
At its first UPR in January 2011, Australia received 53 red cards and 145 recommendations to clean up its act from fellow UN member countries.